Birch Hill Happenings Aromatherapy

Your One Stop Aromatherapy Shop since 1997

Birch Hill Happenings Aromatherapy, LLC Newsletter Vol 83


In this issue:
How to Use Essential oils


by Penny Keay

In this newsletter we are going to present information about several of the most commonly used and asked about Carrier oils.

Carrier oils are also known as fixed, or base oils. Different carriers oils work better for the various skin types and for the age of skin such as infants, teens and the elderly. Some carrier oils work better on oily, dry or combination skin.

These oils are the bases used to make massage oils, bath oils and can be used in bath salts and scrubs.

Several of them can be added to shampoos and conditioners to make you hair feel and look better.

Please note that if you have nut allergies you should choose the appropriate carrier oils such as one derived from seeds, to avoid having a reaction. Massage therapists please be sure to ask your clients too.

Almond oil, Sweet - Prunus amygdalis var dulcis

Sweet almond oil is a light oil. Massage therapists like it as it has a good glide for massage. It is relatively inexpensive.

Almond oils are pale yellow in color. It is wonderful for lubricating, is nourishing and revitalizing. Good for all skin types.

It has been known to help relieve itching, soreness and dryness and other forms of inflammation. It is considered a natural sunscreen in a limited way, filtering out about 25% of the harmful sun rays. Do not use alone as a sunscreen.

When used for blending it can be used as 100% of the carrier oil.

Aloe Vera - Aloe barbadenis

This is really not a carrier oil but is a commonly used liquid used in aromatherapy, massage and other cosmetic applications due to its nourishing and healing properties for the skin.

The liquid is squeezed from the fleshy leaves of the plant. It is used for healing and soothing burns, raw open wounds and other skin irritations.

Apricot Kernal oil - Prunus armenica

Apricot Kernal is very much like Sweet Almond oil. It has a little bit lighter texture and feel than the Almond oil.

Apricot Kernal oil is a pale yellow colored carrier oil. It is very nourishing to the skin as it has many minerals and vitamins. It is good for all types of skin. Used to help give relief to dry and prematurely aging skin. Gives relief to sensitive and inflamed skin too.

You can use this oil as 100% of your carrier oil.

Borage oil - Borago officinalis

This oil is very nourishing and rich in Gamma linolenic acid (GLA), vitamins and minerals.

This is a pale yellow oil, derived from borage seeds. It is used for regenerating and stimulating the skin. Used for psoriasis, eczema and prematurely aging skin.

It is very good for all skin types. It helps reverse damage from ultraviolet rays. It penetrates the skin easily and is good for dry, dehydrated, mature or prematurely aging skin.

Only use about 10% in your carrier oil blend. More than that is not necessary.

Camellia oil - Camellia oleifera

Used in Japan and China for skin and hair care. This is a very nourishing oil and is used in beauty care. It helps skin from thickening and helps to prevent keloid formation during scar formation.

This wonderful oil is light yellow to almost clear in color. It is great for hair care and is good to use to moisturize your skin after exposure to sun.

Apply a small amount around your eyes it is useful to reduce the signs of aging around the eyes.

Add to hand creams and use around your nails. Camellia oil is used to help damaged, dry and mature skin.

Good oil for all skin types.

Can be used as 100% of a carrier base.

Cocoa Butter - Theobroma cacao

This is derived from the cocoa beans. Cocoa butter is solid at room temperature and will need to be warmed slightly or mixed with another oil to keep in a liquid state.

Cocoa butter is very strong and aromatic and although great for the skin, you must take the odor into consideration before blending with essential oils.

Coconut oils - Virgin, Expeller and Fractionated - Cocos nucifera

Coconut oils are very nourishing to the skin and are used often for massage.

Virgin coconut

has a wonder coconut smell. It is solid at room temperature so will need to be warmed or mixed with another oil before being used.

Just as with cocoa butter, you will need to take into consideration the smell when making blends.

Expeller Pressed Coconut oil

has had the odor removed. It is solid at room temperature and will need to be warmed before using.

It is still an excellent carrier oil and you won't need to worry about the smell hindering your blending of essential oils.

Fractionated Coconut oil

is an excellent oil for massage. It is liquid at room temperature.

It is one of the few carrier oils that washes out of fabrics more easily.

Many Massage therapists prefer using this because it does launder out more easily, saving them the expense of having to replace their sheets.

All coconut oils have extremely long shelf life.

Evening Primrose oil - Oenothera biennis

Evening primrose is very high in Gamma Linolenic Acid (GLA). It is a very important fatty acid used in repair of the skin due to damage from the sun and other types of injury. This oil is useful for mature skin.

Evening Primrose oil is a pale yellow. It is used in cases of psoriasis, eczema and other forms of dermatitis. It is excellent for aging skin. It is super as a moisturizers. It is used a lot in beauty care.

Use in a 10% dilution with other carrier oils.

Grapeseed oil - Vitus vinifera

This carrier oil is virtually odorless, has a light texture and even though it is solvent extracted still has many wonderful nourishing components. It is used very often in cosmetics.

Grapeseed oil is pale green in color. it is rich in vitamins, minerals and is nourishing to all skin types.

Especially good for acne because of its astringent properties. It will also help to tighten and tone the skin. Grapeseed oil is easily absorbed into the skin.

Can be used as 100 percent of your base oil.

Hazelnut oil - Corylus americana

Hazelnut is a mild, nourishing carrier oil. Again, it is used whenever the skin is in need of repair. It is also an excellent oil to use on oily skin.

Hazel nut oil is yellow in color, it is full of vitamins and minerals and has a slight astringent action. Good for all skin types. Hazelnut is good to use for healing skin problems. It is highly penetrating and good for healing any skin.

Can be used as 100 percent of your base oil.

Jojoba - Simmondsia chinensis

Jojoba is not a true oil, but is a liquid wax. The best property of jojoba is it most closely resembles our natural skin oils. Therefore it is excellent in cases of dry, abused skin.

Jojoba is a beautiful golden yellow. It is rich in protein, minerals and has similar properties to our own natural sebum and will help to keep the skin soft, moist and protected.

Used for inflamed skin, psoriasis, eczema, acne, hair care and is good for all skin types. Jojoba penetrates the skin and is readily absorbed.

Although it can be used 100% for skin care, normally all you need to use is a 10% dilution with other carrier oils.

Jojoba has a very long shelf life.

Macadamia oil - Macadamia integrifolia or ternifolia

A wonderful light oil used for oily skin.

This is a very nourishing, vitamin rich oil used in many beauty care applications. It is wonderful for mature skin and is hydrating and very gentle.

Macadamia oil has a long shelf life.

Rose hip seed oil - Rosa mosqueta

Coming from the Rosehip seeds, this oils is very high in GLA.

This important fatty acid is wonderful for use in skin care as it helps to repair damage done by the sun and environment.

Rosehip seed oil is very helpful in skin that has potential to produce scars.

Rosehip seed oil helps the skin regenerate and is used in many formulations for to prevent and heal stretch marks, burns, scars and is useful for mature skin too. It is also an excellent oil for helping when patients have been treated with radiation.

Rosehip seed oil is relatively expensive but because only small amounts are needed, it should always be used when dealing with the problems listed above that are helped with the use of this wonderful healing carrier oil.

Sesame oil - Sesamum indicum

Sesame oil can be very dark, thick and strong smelling.

This oil is typically not used by itself, but is used blended with other carrier oils. Sesame oil is one of the few carrier oils that provides a small amount of protection from the sun.

Sesame oils is dark yellow in color. Is known for it thick texture.

Sesame oil is rich in vitamins, minerals, lecithin and amino acids. Used for psoriasis, eczema, rheumatism, arthritis. Good for all skin types.

Use in a 10% dilution with other carrier oils.

Sunflower oil - Helianthus annus

A light seed based oil. Sunflower is odorless and wonderful for use in massage, bath oils and other oil applications. A good oil to use with delicate skin.

Sunflower oil is pale yellow in color. Vitamin and mineral rich. Good for all skin types.

Can be used as 100% of your carrier oil base.

Wheat Germ oil - Triticum vulgare

Wheat germ oil is added to other carrier oils. It is never used full strength. It has a very strong odor and is very thick and sticky. It is very high in the vitamins A and E.

Wheat Germ oil is best used at no more than 10% of your carrier oil blend.

Unfortunately, Wheat Germ has a very short shelf life and will not extend the life of any massage oil or blend.

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How to Use Essential oils

Methods of use and How much Essential oil to use?

by Penny Keay

We are often asked how much essential oils should be used in different applications.

Whatever the method of using essential oils you will use differing amounts of essential oils.

Remember when using essential oils, more is not better. Always use common sense and follow the basic safety precautions when using essential oils.

  • Do not take essential oils internally
  • Keep them away from the reach of children.
  • Avoid using undiluted essential oils around the eyes.
  • Some of the citrus oils can cause sensitivity and discoloration of the skin when exposed to direct sunlight.
  • If you have any health problem, please be sure to consult your health care practioner before using essential oils.
  • Do not use essential oils with homeopathics as the two may negate each other.
  • Remember essential oils can be flammable so use with caution near flames.
  • If you have epilepsy consult your physician before using essential oils.
  • If your skin becomes irritated with essential oils, rub the area with a carrier oil, such as sunflower and discontinue using that essential oil.

Now on with the methods of application and the recommended and suggested amounts of essential oils to use for each.

Massage Oils, Lotions, Shampoos and Conditioners

Ideally about a 3% dilution. To one ounce of carrier oil, lotion, shampoo or conditioner bases add up to 15 - 20 drops essential oil. Blend them well. Preferably 24 hours before use so the essential oils can blend better.

This is a safe amount to use for general massages. If blending for Children or the elderly, use only half the amount of essential oils as you would for the average adult.

Massage - local use

This is a higher dilution up to 5%. To one ounce of a carrier oil add 25 - 30 drops of essential oil.

This is used for more local use of a larger area but still localized. Such as in the case of muscle group damaged by injury. This blend should be used only on one limb or area.


This is about a 10% dilution. To one ounce of carrier oil, blend in 50-60 drops of essential oils.

This is for direct local application to a small areas of skin. Such as a local fungal infection.

Again, if this area becomes irritated wash off immediately.

Neatly or Undiluted

Do not Ever Apply any essential oil undiluted to the skin or wound.

In the past it was believed this was okay to do.

But over the past 20 years it has been documented time and time again by aromatherapist and essential oil sellers that repeated exposure to undiluted essential oils to the skin will eventually cause many folks to develop an sensitivity issue.

In some folks, they are never able to use particular essentials oils again. this has been seen by those that were over using Lavender and Tea Tree Essential oils.

So, please - as much as you are tempted, do not apply to the skin undiluted - NOT EVER.

Facial oils, lotions and creams

Using 1 ounce of a carrier oil, lotion, or cream add up to 15 drops of essential oils

Blend well and use your facial mixture as directed. Always use a small amount of essential oils to begin with, especially if using any strong oils such as peppermint.

Facial Steam

Use up to 5 drops of essential oils in your facial steamer. Alternately you can add to a bowl of warm/hot water and use a towel over your head and bowl!!

Facial Mask

Add up to 3 drops of your essential oils or preblended synergy to your facial mask.

Commonly used are clay, yogurts, or other materials.

Follow the recipes directions for use of your masking material.


There are several methods of diffusing essential oils into the air.

What ever method you choose, simply follow the directions for that particular unit.

Experiment and try new and different oils. Try different methods of diffusing the oils. Heat, fan, passive, any method you choose will give you a wonderful experience using essential oils for your health and well being.


Simply add 3-10 drops to your humidifier. Read manufacturers directions.

Caution should be used especially if your humidifier has any rubber parts as essential oils will turn them to 'goo'.

A better method is to add the essential oils to a terra cotta diffuser and place that above or near the fan component of the humidifier. This will help prevent damage to your humidifier should it be made out of a type of plastic that can be damaged by essential oils.


Add 1-2 drops of essential oils per cup of water. Shake to blend as well as possible then pour on the heat source. Reapply as needed.

Remember the addition of heat will make essential oils more easily absorbed into your system. Using Eucalyptus, Pine and tea tree oils when in a sauna will enter the body with inhalation and leave through the skin in perspiration. They are excellent for detoxifying.

Always use small amounts, so you won't accidentally over use the essential oils.


Add 3 drops of Essential oils to the Jacuzzi for every person in the tub. Although amounts will vary by the size of the tub.

Please read your manufacturer’s directions to make sure your Jacuzzi won't be harmed.


Add 4-8 drops added to a washcloth, and rub over the body briskly.

Another method in the shower is to use one of our new terra cotta discs. Simply put a few drops of essential oils into the depression, let it soak into the terra cotta. Then place in the corner of the shower where the water can splash against it.

Turn the shower on and let it hit the terra cotta. Soon the heat and the splashing of the water will fill your shower with the wonder smells of the essential oils used.


Add 5-15 drops to your bath tub. Simply swish around and sit there and soak. Avoid using the following essential oils in the bath as they may cause skin irritation: Basil, cinnamon, clove, peppermint and thyme. Avoid any oil you may be sensitive to also.

Close the bathroom door after you have filled the tub with water and added the essential oils. Wait a few minutes before entering.

For a very memorable evening or bath, light a few candles and play some of your favorite soothing music. To reap the benefits of an aroma therapeutic bath try to soak for at least 10 minutes.

Simply, Enjoy!


Apply 4-6 drops in a basin of warm water. Skim the surface with a soft cloth. Wring out and apply over the affected area. When the cloth has cooled, repeat as desired.

Compresses can be used on injured areas, Sprains and strains. Also use to help bring down a fever or for headache relief.

And last but not least

What ever method of application you choose to use be sure to use smaller amounts first before increasing the amounts of essential oils.

Have fun, Experiment with different methods. Share them with us so we can pass them on to others.

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Recipes to try

Facial Oil for normal skin

Lavender - 3 drops
Roman Chamomile - 1 drop
Geranium - 1 drop
1 tablespoon Sweet almond oil
2 teaspoons Sunflower oil

Blend well and use on the face as needed in small amounts.

Face oil for Oily skin

Frankincense - 2 drops
Cedarwood - 3 drops
Jojoba - 1 ounce

Blend well and use on the face as needed in small amounts.

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For the Car Ride Home

Rosemary- 5 drops
Lime - 4 drops
Bergamot - 6 drops

Blend all of these in a small amber bottle. Then apply 2-4 drops on pad of your electric car diffuser. If using a terra cotta type diffuser you many want to add several drops.
This recipe will also work great to help any student stay awake and alert while studying before the holidays!

Carpet Freshener

Clove bud - 10 drops
Orange - 15 drops
Lavender - 15 drops
1 cup of Baking soda.

Blend essential oils together and then mix into the soda. Seal tightly in a jar for 24 hours.

Shake occasionally during this time period. Then sprinkle on your carpets. Leave on carpet for about 30 minutes, then vacuum.

If the bag in the vacuum cleaner does not need changing the scented bag will offer room scenting each time you use the vacuum. Aromatherapy at it's easiest!

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All the products listed in the article are available at our Shopping Site - see link below.

© 2005, 2015, 2017 Penny Keay All rights reserved Worldwide.
Please do not use my information without my permission.

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